Translated from selected sections of 新疆特产，互动百科.
Tianshan snow lotus Saussurea involucrata
Xinjiang snow lotus grows on the Northern and Southern slopes of the Tianshan Mountains. It is found on the cliffs of the high-drying hailstones near the snow lines of the Altai Mountains and the Kunlun Mountains.
The Saussurea is a famous specialty in Xinjiang. It was used in medicine for hundreds of years. It is regarded among Han Chinese as a treasure for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis; Uighur Kazakh uses it as a gynecological medicine.
Saussurea produced at the Bogda Peak in Tianchi area is considered the best. Drinking dew drops on the leaves was considered to be able to exorcise the disease and prolong life.
Bactrian camel milk
Camel milk from Bactrian Camels in the Altay Mountains of Xinjiang is good as gold in the desert.
Camel milk is an important daily source of nutrition for many people. It is high in calcium, low in saturated fatty acids.
Camel milk helps diabetic patients reduce the demand for insulin. It is suitable for newborns because it does not contain allergens. Camel milk is also beneficial to patients suffering from peptic ulcer and also helps with hypertension.
“维吾尔常用药材” records: “Camel milk, taste of sweet alcohol, no sticky sensation, is slightly pungent, fills with energy, strengthens the organs, strong bones and muscles, fills the essence, resistance to hunger, stops diabetes.”
Clinical and experimental studies in modern medicine have proved that camel milk has miraculous effects in the treatment of diseases such as hepatitis B, diabetes, and tumours that are not ideally treated; and drinking camel milk at the same time can help chemoradiotherapy and postoperative patient recovery.
Common sea buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides
Hippophae rhamnoides is a kind of wild plant that grows in an alpine area above 1,200 meters above sea level. It has been scientifically verified that its nutritional value is extremely high. Sea buckthorn fruit is rich in vitamins A, B, C, and D, which are needed by the human body. Hippophae rhamnoides contains more than 20 trace elements and nearly 20 amino acids.
The United States and Russia had earlier researched and developed sea buckthorn, and used sea buckthorn products as a special nutritional product for aerospace, diving, climbing and female infants. Sea buckthorn is used by ethnic minorities including the Mongolian Chari, the Tibetan Dapu, and the Uygur Ji’an for physical fitness and longevity.
In addition to health care, it also prevents and treats various tumours, cancers, skin and esophageal diseases. Natural wild Sea Buckthorn forests are found in the Toshigan river basin of Wushi County, Xinjiang. Now it is scientifically refined, carefully formulated, and brewed into beverages.
Apocynum, also known as oleander, wild hemp, tea flower, belongs to the family Apocynaceae and is a perennial wild plant. Xinjiang’s Apocynum grows in Lop Nur area, with red and white flowers, green leaves and deep roots. Apocynum is an important raw material for textile and paper making. Studies in recent years have proven that a variety of ingredients contained in Apocynum boost heart and diuretic function and can treat heart disease, hypertension, neurasthenia, hepatitis bloating, and nephritis edema.
Golden Oyster Mushroom Pleurotus citrinopileatus
Pleurotus citrinopileatus also known as Golden Oyster Mushroom, belongs to the family Pleurotus. Wild specimens are mainly distributed in the Ili, Tacheng, and Altay regions of the desert area of the Junggar Basin in Xinjiang. Pleurotus ostreatus or Oyster Mushroom in Qinghe County of Altay Prefecture is famous both at home and abroad for its pure colour, delicious taste and high nutritional value.
Pleurotus is used for medicinal purposes, beauty, and food. It has a delicious taste, tender meat, greasy taste, and long fragrance. It is highly esteemed and used a s tribute in ancient times. Its nutrient, protein, amino acids, vitamins and ash content are higher than other mushrooms and fungus. It contains 17 kinds of amino acids, of which six are essential for the human body and has high levels of lysine and arginine. Its Superoxide dismutase (SOD) content is more than double that of ordinary vegetables; it can promote metabolism, resist aging, enhance immunity, and play a positive role in regulating the physiological balance of the human body. A health food for all ages.
A deciduous shrub in the Nightshade family, Wolfberries are both wild and artificially cultivated. Wolfberries from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region have the best quality.
There are two kinds of wild and artificial cultivation in Xinjiang. The wild pods are smaller and less fleshy. There is a colour difference between wild and cultivated fruit. At present, all exports are cultivated. Wolfberries are planted throughout Xinjiang but Bortala Autonomous Prefecture produces the most and has the best quality. Wolfberries have medicinal value.